Ceropegia pusilla Wight & Arn.

Ceropegia pusilla Wight & Arn.

Diese sehr kleine Art, die in den höher gelegenen Grasländern Karnatakas, Keralas und Tamil Nadus in Indien vorkommt, wurde im Jahr 1834 beschrieben. [1][4]

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Die Pflanze besitzt eine unterirdische Speicherknolle, die etwa 2 bis 3 cm Durchmesser erreicht.

Der unverzweigte Trieb ist nur 5 bis 10 cm hoch

Die Blätter sind 5 bis 8 cm lang und oberseits behaart.

Die Blüten stehen einzeln am Trieb, sie sind etwa 2,5 bis 2,8 cm lang und hell purpurn gefärbt. [1][4]

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Die Leute vom Stamm der Toda, die in den Nilgiri-Hills einheimisch sind, nennen die Pflanze Kafehl, sie sehen die Pflanze als einen Indikator für den Beginn der Monsunzeit.

Die Knollen gelten als eine Art Energie-Quelle, da sie sehr nahrhaft sind, sie werden auch eingesetzt um Müdigkeit zu unterdrücken, die Blüten wiederrum dienten als Vorlage für die Stöcke, mit denen die Toda Butter stampfen. [2][3][5]

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Die Art wird mittlerweile erfolgreich in-vitro nachgezogen. [6][7][8][9]

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Ceropegia pusilla Wight & Arn.

This very small species, which occurs in the more highly situated grasslands of Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu in India, was described in the year 1834. [1][4]

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The plant has a subterranean storage tuber, which has a size of about 2 to 3 cm in diameter.

The unbranched stem is only 5 to 10 cm tall.

The sessile leaves are 5 to 8 cm long and hairy on the upper side.

The flowers appear solitary, they are about 2,5 to 2,8 cm long and light purplish coloured. [1][4]

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The people of the Toda tribe, which is indigenous to the Nilgiri Hills, call this plant Kafehl, they see the plant as an indicator for the beginning of the monsoon phase.

The tubers are used as a kind of energy source, since they are very nutritious, furthermore they are used to suppress fatigue, the flowers again were the model for the churning sticks with which the Todas make butter. [2][3][5]

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The species is meanwhile successfully propagated in-vitro. [6][7][8][9]

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Referenzen / References:

[1] M. Y. Ansari: Asclepiadaceae: Genus Ceropegia. Fasc. 16: 1-34. In: Flora of India. Calcutta: Botanical Survey of India 1984
[2] Murray B. Emeneau: Toda Grammar and Texts. Amer Philosophical Society 1984
[3] Vance G. Martin; M. A. Parthy Sarathy: Wilderness and Humanity: The Global Issue. The International Wilderness Leadership (WILD) Foundation 2001
[4] Focke Albers; Ulrich Meve: Illustrated Handbook of Succulent Plants: Asclepiadaceae. Springer 2002
[5] Tarun Chhabra: Toda relationship with nature as an indication of ecosystem health. In: A. Watson; J. Sproull; L. Dean; comps.: Science and stewardship to protect and sustain wilderness values: Eighth World Wilderness Congress symposium; September 30-October 6, 2005; Anchorage, AK. Proceedings RMRS-P-49. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. 487-495. 2007
[6] R. Kondamudi; V. Vijayalakshmi; K.S.R. Murthy: Induction of morphogenetic callus and multiple shoot regeneration in Ceropegia pusilla Wight and Arn. Biotechnology 9: 141-148. 2010
[7] K. Kalimuthu; R. Prabakaran: In vitro flowering from nodal explants of Ceropegia pusilla Wight and Arn. International Journal of Botany and Research 3(3): 35-42. 2013
[8] R. Prabakaran; T. Sasikala; K. Kalimuthu: Regeneration of Shoots from Callus of Ceropegia pusilla Wight and Arn.. British Biotechnology Journal 3(3): 2231–2927. 2013
[9] K. Kalimuthu; R. Prabakaran; S. Paulsamy; S. Jeyaraman: Microtuberization of Ceropegia pusilla Wight and Arn. an Endangered Medicinal Plant. European Journal of Medicinal Plants 4(1): 64-74. 2014

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c.pusilla.rw.sn

Darstellung aus / Depiction from: ‘Robert Wight: Spicilegium Neilgherrense; or a selection of Neilgherry plants, drawn and coloured from nature, with brief descriptions of each; some general remarks on the geography and affinities of natural families of plants, and occasional notices of their economical properties and uses. Madras: the author 1846-1851’

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Botanical drawings – Ceropegia pusilla

Botanical drawings – Ceropegia pusilla

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Ceropegia pusilla Wight & Arn.

Depiction from: ‘R. Wight: Icones Plantarum Indiae Orientalis. Madras: published by J.B. Pharoah for the author 1840-1853’

(public domain)

the old picture – Ceropegia pusilla

the old picture – Ceropegia pusilla

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c.pusilla.rw.sn

Ceropegia pusilla Wight & Arn.

Depiction from: ‘Robert Wight: Spicilegium Neilgherrense; or a selection of Neilgherry plants, drawn and coloured from nature, with brief descriptions of each; some general remarks on the geography and affinities of natural families of plants, and occasional notices of their economical properties and uses. Madras: the author 1846-1851’

http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org